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Civil Engineering

Yves Filion

Yves Filion, Ph.D., P. Eng.

Associate Professor

Office: Ellis-211

Queen's University
Kingston, ON K7L 3N6
Tel: (613) 533-2126
Fax: (613) 533-2128
yves.filion@queensu.ca

Yves Filion, Ph.D., P. Eng.

Profile

I am an associate professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at Queen's University. I am also an Associate Editor with the ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning & Management, and a licensed professional engineer (P.Eng.) with 15 years' research and consulting experience in municipal and environmental engineering. In that time, I have been developing decision support tools and technologies to support the water and municipal engineering community in making cost-effective decisions to design and rehabilitate water distribution systems. My expertise in water distribution systems analysis and optimization and my expertise in hydraulics has been sought by PEO, scientific advisory committees for international conferences in water distribution network modelling, and the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) to review scientific proposal.

I have also had the opportunity to work in the consulting industry. Before undertaking a Ph.D., I spent some time in the employ of the consulting firm R.V. Anderson Associates Limited in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. My consulting experience is wide-ranging and includes the design of drinking water, storm water, and wastewater systems, as well as infrastructure-renewal planning. I am currently a licensed Professional Engineer (P.Eng.) in the province of Ontario.

Biography

Education

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) - Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada, 2006
  • Master of Applied Science (M.A.Sc.) - Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada, 2001
  • Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) - Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada, 1997

Selected Appointments

  • Associate Editor, ASCE Journal of Water Resource Planning and Management (2011-present)
  • International Scientific Advisory Committee Member, CCWI (2009, 2011, 2013, 2015)
  • International Scientific Advisory Committee Member, WDSA (2008, 2010, 2014)
  • Status Appointment (Assistant Professor), University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.

Selected Awards and Honours

  • Invited Keynote Lecture: Filion Y (2014) "There is Energy in that Drinking Water!": How the Shape and Management of Water Distribution Systems Affect Energy and Environmental Impact. 2014 International Conference on Water Distribution Systems Analysis, Bari Italy, July 14-17, 2014. 
  • '2014 Publications Award', Journal of American Water Works Association (2014)
  • '2014 AWWA Engineering & Construction Division Best Paper Award', Journal of American Water Works Association (2014)
  • 'Best Associate Editor' Award, J. of Water Resrc. Planning & Management, ASCE (2014)
  • Early Research Award – Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation (2012)
  • ‘Best Paper’ nomination at Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium (2010)
  • ‘Best Reviewer’ – ASCE J. of Water Resource Planning and Management (2010)
  • Civil Engineering Teaching Award, Dept. Civil Engineering, Queen’s (2008)
  • NSERC Postdoctoral Fellowship (2006)
  • Public Safety & Emergency Preparedness Canada Research Fellowship (2005-06)
  • Public Safety & Emergency Preparedness Canada Research Fellowship (2004-05)
  • Province of Ontario/Paul & Suzana Price Scholarship in Science and Technology (declined, 2005–2006)
  • University of Toronto Open Fellowship (2003–2005)
  • NSERC Postgraduate Scholarship (doctoral level) (2002–2004)
  • Mary H. Beatty Fellowship for Academic Excellence (2002)
  • Ontario Graduate Scholarship (declined, 2002–2003)
  • NSERC Postgraduate Industrial Fellowship (Masters level) (1999–2000)

Publications

Refereed Journal Publications

 

35. Wilson D, Moore I, Filion Y (2015) Using Sensitivity Analysis to Identify the Critical Factors that Lower the Factor of Safety of Large-Diameter Cast Iron Mains. Journal of Hydroinformatics (Accepted for Publication) [NSERC, MEDI].

34. Sleep B, Beranger S, Reinecke S, Filion Y (2015) DNAPL Accumulation in Wells and DNAPL Recovery from Wells: Model Development and Application to a Laboratory Study. Advances in Water Resources, Elsevier, 85: 109-119.

33. Roy-Poirier A, Filion YR, Champagne P (2015) An event-based hydrologic simulation model for bioretention systems. IWA Water Science and Technology, 72(9): 1524-1533.

32. Wilson D, Filion Y, Moore I (2015) State-of-the-Art Review of Failure Prediction Models for Large-Diameter Water Mains. Urban Water Journal. DOI: 10.1080/1573062X.2015.1080848 [NSERC, MEDI].

31. Prosser M, Speight V, Filion Y (2015) Sensitivity of Pipe Replacement Schedules to Pipe Roughness and Other Factors. J Wat Resrc Plann and Mgmt ASCE 141(8), 04015001 [NSERC, MEDI].

30. Roshani E, Filion Y (2015) "Water Distribution System Rehabilitation Planning Under Climate Change Mitigation Scenarios", J Wat Resrc Plann and Mgmt ASCE, 141(4), 04014066 [NSERC, MEDI].

29. Nishiyama M, Filion Y (2014) Forecasting Breaks in Cast Iron Water Mains in the City of Kingston With an Artificial Neural Network Model. Can J of Civil Engrg, 41(10): 918-923 [NSERC, MEDI].

28. Roshani E, Filion Y (2013) Event-Based Approach to Water  Distribution System Rehabilitation While Considering Asset Management Strategies. J Wat Resrc Plann & Mgmt ASCE, 140(6) [NSERC, MEDI].

27. Prosser M, Speight V, Filion Y (2013) Life-Cycle Energy Analysis of Performance versus Age-Based Pipe Replacement Schedules, Journal of Am. Water Works Assoc., 105(12), E721-E732 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5942/jawwa.2013.105.0157 [NSERC, MEDI].

26. Nishiyama M, Filion Y (2013) Review of Statistical Water Main Break    Prediction Models. Can J of Civil Engrg, 40(10): 972-979 [NSERC, MEDI].

25. Jung B, Filion Y, Adams B, Karney B (2013) Multi-Objective Design Optimization of Branched Pipeline Systems with Analytical Assessment of Fire Flow Failure Probability. Wat Resrc Mgmt 27(10), 3663-3678 [NSERC].

24.  Oldford A, Filion, Y (2013) Regulatory, Analysis, and Decision Support  Challenges to Reduce Environmental Impact in the Design and Operation of Water Distribution Networks. J Wat Resrc Plann and Mgmt ASCE, 139(6), 614-623 [NSERC] (Nominated for “Best Policy Paper” by Editorial Board of J. Water Resources Planning & Management).

23. MacLeod S, Filion Y (2012) Issues and Implications of Carbon-Abatement Discounting and Pricing for Drinking Water System Design in Canada. Water Resources Management Springer, 26(1), 43-61 [NSERC].

22. Roshani E, MacLeod S, Filion Y (2012) Evaluating Climate Change Mitigation Strategies on the Optimal Design and Expansion of the Amherstview Ontario Water Network: A Canadian Case Study. J Wat Resrc Plann & Mgmt ASCE, 138(2), 100-110 [NSERC].

21. Herstein L, Filion Y, Hall K (2011) Evaluating the Environmental Impacts of Water Distribution Systems Using EIO-LCA-Based Multi-Objective Optimization. J Wat Resourc Plann and Mgmt ASCE, 137(2), 162-172 [NSERC].

20. Herstein L, Filion Y (2011) Closure of ‘Evaluating Environmental Impact in Water Distribution System Design’. J Infra Systems ASCE, 17(1), 52-53 [NSERC].

19. Herstein L, Filion Y (2011) Life-Cycle Analysis of Water Main Materials in Multi-Objective Design of Water Networks. J of Hydroinformatics IWA,13(3): 346-357 (Invited paper) [NSERC].

18. Roy-Poirier A, Champagne P, Filion Y (2010) A Review of Bioretention System Research and Design: Past, Present, and Future. J of Environ Engrg ASCE 136(9): 878-889 [NSERC].

17. Filion Y, Jung B (2010) Least-Cost Design of Water Distribution Networks with Expected Conditional Damages. J of Wat Resourc Plann and Mngmt ASCE, 136(6), 658-668 [NSERC].

16. Filion Y (2010) Developing and Teaching a Course in ‘Applied Sustainability and Public Health in Civil Engineering Design’ at Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada. J Prof Iss in Engrg Educ & Practice ASCE 136(4), 197-205 [NSERC].

15. Roy-Poirier A, Champagne P, Filion Y (2010) Bioretention Processes for Phosphorus Pollution Control. Environ Reviews NRC 18(1), 159-173 [NSERC].

14. Herstein L, Filion Y, Hall K (2009) Evaluating Environmental Impact in Water Distribution System Design. J Infra Systems ASCE 15(3): 241-250 [NSERC].

13. Filion Y (2009) Design of a Water Transmission Pipeline With An Analytical Probabilistic Model. J of Wat Resourc Plann and Mngmt ASCE 135(1): 34-37 [NSERC].

12. Filion Y (2008) Single-objective Deterministic versus Multi-objective Stochastic Water Network Design: Practical Considerations for the Water Industry. J of Risk and Reliability 222(4): 655-665 [NSERC].

11. Filion Y (2008) Impact of Urban Form on Energy Use in Water Distribution Systems. J Infra Systems ASCE 14(4): 337-346 [NSERC].

10. Filion Y, Hall K (2008) A Knowledge Strategy to Incorporate Public Health Principles in Engineering Education and Practice. J Prof Iss in Engrg Educ and Practice ASCE 135(2): 81-89 [NSERC].

9. Filion Y, Adams B, Karney B (2007) Stochastic Design of Water Distribution Systems with Expected Annual Damages. J of Wat Resourc Plann and Mngmt ASCE 133(3): 244-252 [NSERC].

8. Filion Y, Adams B, Karney B (2007) Cross Correlation of Demands in Water Distribution Network Design. J Wat Resrc Plann and Mgmt ASCE 133(2): 137-144 [NSERC].

7. Karney B, Filion Y (2005) Linking health concepts in the assessment and evaluation of water distribution systems. Bull of Sci Tech & Society 25(3): 247-253 [NSERC].

6. Filion Y, MacLean H, Karney B (2004) Life Cycle Energy Analysis of a Water Distribution System. J Infra Systems ASCE 10(3): 120-130 [NSERC].

5. Filion Y (2004) The Moral Impotence of Contemporary Experts. Bull of Sci Tech and Society SAGE 24(4): 342-352 [NSERC].

4. Filion Y, Karney B (2002) Sources of Error in Network Modeling.  J of Amer Water Works Assoc AWWA 95(2): 119−130 [NSERC].

3. Filion Y, Karney B (2002) Extended Period Analysis with a Transient Model. J of Hydraulic Engrg ASCE 128(6): 616−624 [NSERC].

2. Filion Y (2000) Climate Change: Implications for Canadian Water Resources and Hydropower Production. Can Water Resourc Journal CWRA 25(3): 255-269 [NSERC].

1. Karney B, Filion Y (2000) Forum Article: Technical Writing Purpose and Principles. J of Hydraulic Engrg ASCE 126(4): 230-231 [NSERC].

 

Refereed Journal Publications (under review)

 

1. Wong H, Filion Y, Speight V (2015) Connecting Urban Form to the Energy Use of Water Supply and Distribution Systems: A Review of the Research. ASCE Journal of Urban Planning and Development (Submitted: November 2015).

2. Scanlan M, Filion Y (2015) Examining energy use patterns in four small to medium-sized systems in Ontario, Canada. Water Resources Management (Submitted: November 2015).

3. Al-Ali D, Filion Y (2015) A Critical Review of Water Reclamation and Reuse in North America. Journal of Environmental Management (Submitted: November 2015).

4. Wong H, Speight V, Filion Y (2016) Examining the Impact of Street Topology and Population Density on Energy Use in the Distribution Systems of Common Neighbourhood Forms in North America. ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management (Submitted: March 2016).

5. Wong H, Filion Y, Speight V (2015) Impact of System-Level Urban Form on Energy Use in Water Distribution Systems. Journal of American Water Works Association (Submitted: May 2016).

6. Filion Y, Hashemi S, Speight V (2015) Pipe-Level Metrics to Assess the Impact of Infrastructure and Operational Decisions on Energy Use in Water Distribution Systems. ASCE J. of Water Resources Planning & Management, (Submitted: June 2016).

 

Refereed Journal Publications (in preparation)

 

1. Al-Ali D, Filion Y (2015) A New Meta-Methodology to Identify Design Factors and Approaches for Stormwater Reuse Implementation in Mixed-Use Communities. ASCE Journal of Hydrologic Engineering (In Preparation).

2. Nanos M, Filion Y, Couldrey B, Van der Water C, Menzies D, Wilson D, Heysel C, Guo Y, Hofmann R, (2015) Hydrologic Performance of a Novel Storm Water Re-Use System for Commercial Developments in Canada. J Wat Resrc Plann and Mgmt ASCE (In Preparation) [NSERC].

3. Wilson D, Filion Y, Moore I (2015) Physical Model to Estimate Failure of Large-Diameter Cast Iron Water Mains in the City of Hamilton. ASCE J of Water Resources Planning & Management (In Preparation) [NSERC, MEDI].

4. Herstein LH, Filion YR, Adams BA, (2015) The Water Provision System I: Paradigm Paralysis in the Water Provision Realm. Water Resources Research, (In Preparation) [NSERC, MEDI].

5. Herstein LH, Filion YR, Adams BA (2015) The Water Provision System II: Complexity and the Panarchic System of Water Provision. Water Resources Research, (In Preparation) [NSERC, MEDI].

6. Herstein LH, Filion YR, Adams BA (2015) Resilience, Transformability and the Water Provision System. Water Resources Research (In Preparation) [NSERC, MEDI].

7. Herstein LH, Filion YR, Adams BA (2015) Anticipation and the Water Provision System. Water Resources Research (In Preparation) [NSERC, MEDI].

8. Giangrande V, Filion Y (2015) Modeling Water Main Failure Consequence in the City of Kingston. ASCE Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice (In Preparation) [NSERC, MEDI].

 

Conference Proceedings (published)

 

59. Wong H, Speight V, Filion Y (2016) Impact of Urban Intensification on Energy Use in a Water Distribution System in a Midwestern US City: A Case Study. Energy and Water Symposium 2016 Symposium and Industry Summit, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, June 22-23, 2016.

57. Hashemi S, Filion Y, Speight V (2016) Pipe-Level Energy Assessment in Water Distribution Systems and Energy Inefficiencies. Energy and Water Symposium 2016 Symposium and Industry Summit, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, June 22-23, 2016.

57. Tourigny A, Filion Y (2016) The Effect of Ontario’s Cap and Trade Agreement on Water Use, Energy Use and GHG Emission in a Water Distribution System: A Case Study. Energy and Water Symposium 2016 Symposium and Industry Summit, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, June 22-23, 2016.

56. Paez D, Filion Y (2016) Generation and Validation of a Set of Synthetic WDSA Case Studies Using Graph Theory and Reliability Index. Energy and Water Symposium 2016 Symposium and Industry Summit, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, June 22-23, 2016.

55. Paez D, Filion Y (2016) Generation and Validation of a Set of Synthetic WDSA Case Studies Using Graph Theory and Reliability Index. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Cartagena, Columbia, July 24-28, 2016.

54. Hashemi S, Speight V, Filion Y (2016) Multiple Correlation Analysis of Network Parameters and Pipe-Level Energy Metrics. Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Amsterdam, Nov. 7-9, 2016 (Abstract submitted).

53. Hashemi S, Filion Y, Speight V (2016) Applying New Pipe-Level Energy Metrics to Examine the Energy Dynamics of Large Distribution Systems. Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Amsterdam, Nov. 7-9, 2016. (Abstract submitted).

52. Wong H, Speight V, Filion Y (2016) Examining the Role of Outdoor Water Use as a Driver of Energy Use in North American Neighborhood Typologies. Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Amsterdam, Nov. 7-9, 2016 (Abstract submitted).

51. Wong H, Speight V, Filion Y (2016) Impact of Urban Intensification on Energy Use in a Water Distribution System in a Midwestern US City: A Case Study. Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Amsterdam, Nov. 7-9, 2016 (Abstract submitted).

50. Tourigny A, Filion Y (2016) Applying New Pipe-Level Energy Metrics to Examine the Energy Dynamics of Large Distribution Systems. Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Amsterdam, Nov. 7-9, 2016 (Abstract submitted).

49. Nanos M, Filion Y (2016) Risk-Based Performance Assessment of Stormwater Drainage Networks under Climate Change: A Case Study in the City of Kingston, ON. 14th International Environmental Specialty Conference, London, Ontario, June 1st - 4th, 2016.

50. Nanos M, Filion Y (2016) Risk-Based Performance Assessment of Stormwater Drainage Networks under Climate Change. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2016, West Palm Beach, FL, May 22-26, 2016.

48. Herstein L.M., Filion Y.R, Adams B.J. (2015) Beyond Adaptability and Resilience – Transformability and Antifragility in Societal Systems. 2015 AEESP Research and Education Conference - Environmental Engineering and Science: At the Nexus, New Haven (Yale University), CT, June 13-16, 2015. 

47. Hashemi S, Speight V, Filion Y (2015) Pipe-Level Energy Metrics for Energy Assessment in Water Distribution Networks. Proceedings of CCWI 2015: Computing and Control in the Water Industry, 2015 Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Leicester, UK, Sept. 2-4, 2015.

46. Scanlan M, Filion Y (2015) Application of Energy Use Indicators to Evaluate Energy Dynamics in Canadian Water Distribution Systems. Proceedings of CCWI 2015: Computing and Control in the Water Industry, 2015 Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Leicester, UK, Sept. 2-4, 2015.

45. Wong H, Filion Y, Speight V (2015) Impact of Urban Form on Energy Use in Water Distribution Systems at the Neighbourhood Level. Proceedings of CCWI 2015: Computing and Control in the Water Industry, 2015 Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Leicester, UK, Sept. 2-4, 2015.

44. Wilson D, Moore I, Filion Y (2015) Identifying Factors that Influence the Factor of Safety and Probability of Failure of Large-Diameter, Cast Iron Water Mains with a Mechanistic, Stochastic Model: A Case Study in the City of Hamilton. Proceedings of CCWI 2015: Computing and Control in the Water Industry, 2015 Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Leicester, UK, Sept. 2-4, 2015.

43. Roy-Poirier A, Filion Y, Champagne P (2014) An Event-Based Hydrologic Simulation Model for Bioretention Systems. IWA 14th International Conference on Wetland Systems for Pollution Control (ICWS2014), Shanghai, China, October 12-16, 2014.

42. Prosser M, Speight V, Filion Y (2014) Sensitivity of Energy Use To Pipe Replacement Plans in a Large Water Distribution System. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Bari, Italy, July 14-17, 2014.

41. Roshani E, Filion Y (2014) The Effect of Future Water Demand Reduction On WDS Rehabilitation Planning. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Bari, Italy, July 14-17, 2014.

40. Roshani E, Filion Y (2014) WDS Leakage Management Through Pressure Control and Pipe Rehabilitation Using An Optimization Approach. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Bari, Italy, July 14-17, 2014.

39. Wilson D, Filion Y, Moore I (2014) Development of a Mechanistic, Probabilistic Model to Predict the Failure of Large-Diameter Cast Iron Water Mains. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Bari, Italy, July 14-17, 2014.

38. Wilson D, Filion Y, Moore I (2014) A Methodology to Predict the Probability of Failure of Large-Diameter Water Mains Due to Longitudinal Split Failures. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2014: Water Without Borders, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2014, Portland, Oregon, June 1-5, 2014.

37. Giangrande V, Filion Y (2014) A Methodology to Characterize the Consequences and Severity of Large-Diameter Water Main Failures. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2014: Water Without Borders, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2014, Portland, Oregon, June 1-5, 2014.

36. Heysel C, Filion Y (2013) Estimating the Payback Period and Energy Recovery of In-Line Micro Turbines in Water Distribution Networks with Analytical Probabilistic Models. Proceedings of CCWI 2013: Computing and Control in the Water Industry, 2013 Computing and Control in the Water Industry, Italy, Perugia, Sept. 2-5, 2013.

35. Nanos M, Filion, Y, Menzies D, Wilson D, Guo Y, Hofmann R, Couldrey B, van de Water C (2013) A Feasibility Analysis of Site-Level Stormwater Reuse for Urban Developments. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013: Showcasing the Future, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013, Cincinnati, Ohio, May 19-23, 2013.

34. Nanos M, Filion, Y, Couldrey B, Guo Y, Hofmann R (2013) A Pay-Back Economic Analysis of Site-Level Stormwater Reuse for Commercial Developments in Canada. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013: Showcasing the Future, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013, Cincinnati, Ohio, May 19-23, 2013.

33. Prosser M, Speight V, Filion Y (2013) Life-Cycle Energy Analysis to Assess the Energy Use Implications of Pipe Replacement Schedules. Proceedings of ICCIE 2013: International Conference on Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, ICCIE 2013: International Conference on Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, Kualalumpur, Malaysia, Feb. 13-15, 2013.

32. Nishiyama M, Filion, Y (2013) Forecasting Water Main Failure using Artificial Neural Network and Generalized Linear Models. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013: Showcasing the Future, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2013, Cincinnati, Ohio, May 19-23, 2013.

31. Roshani E, Filion Y (2012) Using Parallel Computing to Increase the Speed of Water Distribution Network Optimization. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Adelaide, Australia.

30. Roshani E, Filion Y (2012) Event-Based Network Rehabilitation Planning and Asset Management. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Adelaide, Australia.

29. Oldford A, Filion Y (2012) Multi-Objective Optimization to Reduce Municipal Water Demand Through Water Conservation Strategies. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Adelaide, Australia.

28. Prosser M, Speight V, Filion Y (2012) Life-Cycle Energy Analysis to Assess the Energy Use Implications of Pipe Replacement Schedules. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Adelaide, Australia.

27. Oldford A, Filion Y (2012) A New Optimization Framework That Includes Water Conservation Strategies to Reduce Demand in Water Distribution Networks. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2012, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

26. Roshani E, Filion Y (2012) Multi-objective Rehabilitation Planning of Water Distribution Systems Under Climate Change Mitigation Scenarios. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2012, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

25. Herstein L, Adams B, Filion Y (2012) Anticipating success in the future: Applying scenario analysis and adaptive capacity profiling to water utility strategic planning. AWWA Utility Management Conference 2012, Miami, Florida.

24. Nanos M, Filion Y (2011) The Challenges to Designing ‘Sustainable’ Drinking Water Systems. Computing & Control in the Water Industry 2011, Exeter, UK.

23. Filion Y, Jung BS (2011) A Comparison of Risk-Based Optimization Methods to Design Branched and Looped Water Distribution Networks for Fire Flow Protection. Computing & Control in the Water Industry 2011, Exeter, UK.

22. Jung BS, Filion Y, Adams B, Karney B (2011) Multi-Objective Design Optimization of Branched Pipeline Systems: Analytical Probabilistic Assessment of Fire Flow Failure. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011, Palm Springs, California.

21. Herstein L, Filion Y (2010) Life-Cycle Analysis of Water Main Materials in the Optimal Design of the ‘Anytown’ Water Network. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Tucson, Arizona.

20. MacLeod S, Roshani E, Filion Y (2010) Impact of Pipe Material Selection on Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in the Optimal Design of Water Networks Under Uncertain Discount Rates and Carbon Prices. Water Distribution System Analysis Symposium, Tucson, Arizona (Nominated for ‘Best Paper’ Award).

19. Herstein L, Filion Y (2010) Using Life-Cycle Assessment to Evaluate the Environmental Impacts of Water Network Design and Optimization. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010, Providence, Rhode Island.

18. Herstein L, Filion Y, Hall K (2009) Environmental Input-Output (EIO)-Based Multi-Objective Design of Water Distribution Systems. Computing & Control in the Water Industry 2009, Sheffield, UK.

17. Roshani E, Filion Y (2009) Accounting for Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Multi-Objective Optimization of the Kamalsaleh Water Transmission System Using NSGA-II. Computing & Control in the Water Industry 2009, Sheffield, UK.

16. Roy-Poirier A, Filion Y, Champagne P (2009) Development of a Phosphorus Removal Model for Bioretention Systems. Int. Conference on Stormwater and Urban Water Systems Modelling, Toronto, Ontario.

15. Filion Y, Jung B (2008) Particle Swarm Optimization of Water Distribution Networks With Economic Damages. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium 2008, Kruger National Park, South Africa.

14. MacLeod S, Filion Y (2008) Design of Drinking Water Distribution Networks With Consideration of Future Retrofit. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium 2008, Kruger National Park, South Africa.

13. Herstein L, Filion Y, Hall K (2008) Water Distribution System Design and Environmental Impact: Balancing Local Interests With Broader Regional Concerns. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium 2008, Kruger National Park, South Africa.

12. Northwood J, Filion Y (2008) Impact of Climate Change on Hydraulic Performance In Water Distribution Networks. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium 2008, Kruger National Park, South Africa.

11. Li Z, Buchberger S, Boccelli D, Filion Y (2007) Spatial Correlation Analysis of Stochastic Residential Water Demands. Computing & Control in the Water Industry 2007, Leicester, UK.

10. Filion Y, Li Z, Buchberger S (2007) Temporal and Spatial Scaling of Instantaneous Residential Water Demand for Network Analysis. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2007, Tampa, FL.

9. Filion Y, Karney B, Moughton L, Buchberger S, Adams B (2006) Cross Correlation Analysis of Residential Demand in the City of Milford, Ohio. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium 2006, Cincinnati, Ohio.

8. Moughton L, Buchberger S, Filion Y, Karney B, Boccelli D (2006) Effect of Time Step and Data Aggregation on Cross Correlation of Residential Demands. Water Distribution Systems Analysis Symposium 2006, Cincinnati, Ohio.

7. Filion Y, Karney B, Adams B (2005) Stochasticity of Demand and Probabilistic Performance of Water Networks. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2005, Anchorage, Alaska.

6. Filion Y, Karney B, Adams B (2004) Multiobjective Design of Water Networks with Random Loads. 4th International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics & 14th Congress of the Asia & Pacific Division of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research, Hong Kong, China.

5. Filion Y, Adams B, Karney B (2003) Water distribution system design: Pathology of simplified loading conditions. Pumps, Electromechanical Devices and Systems Applied to Urban Water Management, Valencia, Spain.

4. Karney B, Filion Y (2003) Energy dissipation mechanisms in water distribution systems. Pumps, Electromechanical Devices and Systems Applied to Urban Water Management, Valencia, Spain.

3. Karney B, Filion Y (2003) Energy Dissipation Mechanisms in Water Distribution Systems. 4th ASME-JSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii.

2. Karney B, Filion Y (2002) Transient Energy Transformations in Water Distribution Systems. 1st Annual Environmental & Water Resources Systems Analysis Symposium, Roanoke, Virginia.

1. Filion Y, Karney B (2000) Conducting Extended Period Analysis with a Transient Model, 8th International Conference on Pressure Surges, The Hague, The Netherlands.

 

Non-Refereed Conference Proceedings (published)

 

7. Herstein L, Filion Y, Adams B (2012) Consulting Away the Deficit: How Engineering Consulting Firms Can Further Address Ontario’s Water Infrastructure Deficit. OWWA/OMWA Joint Annual Conference 2012, Niagara Falls, Ontario.

6. Herstein LM, Filion Y, Adams B, Papa F (2014) Ontario and Its Water in 2063: The Water Workshop Scenarios. 2014 CWRA National Conference, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, June 2-4, 2014.

5. Giangrande V, Filion YR (2014) Severity and Consequences of Large-Diameter Water Main Failure. 2014 Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Annual Conference, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, May 28-31, 2014.

4. Filion Y (2007) Single-objective versus Multi-objective Design of Drinking Water Networks: A Discussion About Pros and Cons. CSCE 2007 Ann. Conf., Yellowknife, NWT.

3. Filion Y (2007) Impact of Population Density and Urban Form on Energy Use in Water Networks. CSCE 2007 Ann. Conf., Yellowknife, NWT.

2. Filion Y, Karney B, Adams B (2006) Risk-Based Criteria for the Sustainable Design and Operation of Water Distribution Systems. Civil Engineering Infrastructure Conference (CEIS 2006), Beirut, Lebanon.

1. Filion Y, Karney B, Adams B (2003) Comprehensive Assessment of Water Distribution System Design and Analysis. 9th INFRA 2003 Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

 

Theses

 

2. Filion Y (2006) Multi-objective Stochastic Design of Water Distribution Systems. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

1. Filion Y (2001) Extended Dynamic Network Modelling. M.A.Sc. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

 

Abstracts and Posters

 

6. Al-Ali D, Filion Y (2015) A Critical Analysis of Water Reclamation and Reuse in North America: The Historical Shift from Technological Priorities to Public Perception Studies. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2015: Water Without Borders, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2015, Dallas, Texas, May 17-21, 2015.

5. Al-Ali D, Filion Y (2015) Development of a Meta Methodology to Identify Design Factors and Approaches for Stormwater Reuse Implementation in Mixed-Use Communities. Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2015: Water Without Borders, World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2015, Dallas, Texas, May 17-21, 2015.

4. Jung B, Filion Y (2014) Probabilistic-based Optimization Methods to Design Water Distribution Network for Fire Protection. 11th IWA Leading Edge Technology Conference, Abu Dhabi, UAE, 26-29 May 2014.

3. Gagnon GA, McIlwain B, Filion Y, Oldford A, Krkosek WH (2011) STEWARD - Systems Training and Education in Water Assets Research and Development (Poster). Canadian Water Network Annual Conference 2011, Ottawa, Ontario (Poster Presentation).

2. Herstein L, Filion Y, Hall K (2009) Incorporating Environmental Impact Concerns Into Technical Design Processes. WISE Initiative 2009 International Women’s Day Conference, Hamilton, Ontario (Abstract).

1. Kennedy C, Sahely H, Racoviceanu A, Filion Y, Karney B (2005) Enhancing the Sustainability of Urban Water Infrastructure Using Life Cycle Approaches. Environmental Science in a Global Society: SETAC’s Role in the Next 25 Years, Baltimore, MD (Abstract).

 

Book Chapters

 

1. Filion Y, Hall K (2008) Public Health Engineering, Book Chapter In: APSC 190 – Professional Engineering Skills. Pearson, Upper Saddle River, NJ (Book Chapter).

 

Invited Talks

 

1. Filion Y (2015) Design of Urban Water Systems, CIVL 360 Civil Engineering Design III, Queen’s University, Ontario, Canada.

2. Filion Y (2011) Incorporating ‘The Environment’ Into Water Distribution System Optimization, NSERC CREATE STEWARD Seminar, March 17, 2011, Queen’s University (invited by Dr Graham Gagnon, Dalhousie University).

Research Interests

As a leading researcher in sustainable water systems, Dr. Filion is developing innovative solutions to the high energy costs and water quality problems associated with aging municipal water systems. As water systems age, they require more energy to operate. Dr. Filion is exploring ways to reduce the energy and environmental footprint of water systems. His research is intended to help municipalities deliver safe drinking water to Canadians more cost effectively and with less energy; to achieve this, he has been developing whole-of-life design approaches to optimize the rehabilitation of water main assets that will reduce energy use and the greenhouse gas emissions linked to water provision. Dr. Filion is also developing a novel energy analysis to help municipalities better understand how reducing leakage, conserving water, and rehabilitating old pipes can save energy in water systems. Dr. Filion has recently been recognized by his peers for his leading contributions to the field of sustainable water systems with a keynote lecture at the 2014 International Water Distribution System Analysis Conference. Additionally, Dr. Filion’s pioneering work in life-cycle energy analysis of water systems has also been recognized with “best paper” awards from the Journal of American Water Works Association.

Dr. Filion is also working to improve drinking water quality in water distribution systems. His research in this area focuses on studying biofilm growth and mobilization–two mechanisms that can lead to drinking water quality problems in municipal systems. Dr. Filion was recently awarded funding from the federal and provincial governments to establish a large-scale pipe research facility that will allow him to examine the influence of fluid flow and water quality conditions on biofilm growth and mobilization in pipes. Ultimately, Dr. Filion’s research goal is to help evaluate the effectiveness of new pipe liner technologies and other strategies in improving water quality in municipal water distribution systems. 

WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

Area 1: Climate Change Mitigation of Drinking Water Systems

Building, operating, and decommissioning drinking water systems has a large impact on the environment in relation to energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. With plans for future carbon tax and cap-and-trade agreements in Canada and the US, water utilities will be expected to track and reduce their carbon emissions. This first research area is focused on developing planning, design, and optimization methods to help water utilities reduce GHG and air emissions, non-renewable energy use, and environmental releases in their drinking water systems.

Area 2: Climate Change Adaptation of Drinking Water Systems

Anticipated changes to our climate (IPCC 2007) are expected to create important changes in the water industry ranging from a possible increase in water demand to important changes to source water quality. A big challenge that municipal water utilities face is to plan the upgrade and rehabilitation of their water systems with limited information on future water demand, on future source water quality, and on the future condition of buried water main infrastructure. This second research area is focused on developing methods to design and optimize drinking water systems so that they are more resilient and adaptable to anticipated changes in climate to avoid unplanned and expensive retrofits in the future.

Area 3: Discolouration in Drinking Water Systems

Ageing water pipes cause water quality problems ranging from bad odours to 'red water' discolouration events that undermine public confidence in Canada's drinking water infrastructure. The deterioration of grey cast iron and unlined ductile iron mains can contribute iron corrosion products to bulk water and solids and colloidal particles (e.g., manganese "slimes") can accumulate on pipe walls. Discolouration is caused by the long-term accumulation of particles on pipe walls and subsequent mobilization of these particles triggered by sudden increases in flow and shearing forces. The short and medium term objectives of the research are to: (i) examine the fundamental processes of particle accumulation and mobilization in buried water mains assets found in Canadian networks; (ii) examine the effect of fluid velocity and conditioning shear stress on material accumulation and biofilm formation, (iii) examine the effect of flushing velocity & scouring shear stresses on material mobilization; (iv) establish how deteriorated pipes and repaired pipes influence water quality. In the long term, guidance will result for water pipe operation, maintenance and replacement.

Drinking Water Discolouration Research at Queen’s

Laboratory-Based Research

Drinking water treatment and distribution networks are critical infrastructure systems that ensure the safety of drinking water for Canadians. The accumulation of material on pipe walls and its re-suspension into the water following hydraulic disturbances is a common cause of poor drinking water quality in a distribution system.

With the help of federal and provincial government funding, Dr. Filion at Queen’s University has developed a large-scale laboratory pipe facility that will advance research in drinking water quality and discolouration (also known as red water problems) in distribution systems. The state-of-the-art facility will examine the sources and mechanisms of drinking water discolouration and develop new technologies to mitigate discolouration events in distribution systems.

 Large Scale Laboratory pipe facilty

The facility will help address key research questions like:

  • What are the causes of discolouration in Canadian distribution systems?
  • What kind of material accumulates on the pipe wall and what mechanisms are responsible for the accumulation of material on the pipe wall?
  • What hydraulic disturbances can mobilize wall material into the water in the pipe?
  • How quickly does material accumulate on the wall of different pipe materials?
  • How does temperature influence the growth rate of material on the pipe wall?
  • How effective is chlorine and other methods of water disinfection at slowing the accumulation of material on the pipe wall?
  • How effective are pipe liner systems in slowing the rate of the accumulation of material on the pipe wall?

The facility comprises two large-scale pressurized pipe test rigs inside an environmental chamber. Each pressurized pipe rig is comprised of looped 100 mm diameter PVC pipe. Variable-speed pumps are used to simulate a wide range of conditioning and flushing flows. Each pipe rig is equipped with instrumentation to measure turbidity, chlorine residuals, specific conductivity, temperature and other water quality parameters. The rig also includes removable coupons to examine the microbiologically active material that may be attached to the pipe wall. The environmental chamber is designed to vary the water temperature between 4C to 20C to examine microbiologically-active material that can accumulate on the pipe wall under different environmental conditions.

 environmental chamber

Field-Based Research

The field-based research program at Queen’s is focused on helping Ontario and Canadian municipalities address drinking water quality and discolouration issues. The field-based program involves activities such as unidirectional flushing of water mains and the collection of measurements on turbidity, chlorine residuals and other parameters to advance knowledge on the root causes of discolouration in Canadian distribution systems.

The drinking water discolouration research program is focused on establishing collaborations between Queen’s and Canadian municipalities to produce new knowledge about operational strategies and new technologies to improve water quality and minimize the risk of discolouration in distribution systems. The field and laboratory research programs will provide a unique environment to train graduate students and postdoc researchers to become drinking water quality experts.

STORM WATER MANAGEMENT

Area 1: Sustainable Water Re-Use for Non-Potable Applications at Residential and Community Scales

This research area is focused on investigating the feasibility of capturing and treating storm water (at the residential or watershed scale, or both) for re-use in non-potable applications such as lawn irrigation, and other outdoor municipal water uses. The feasibility of integrating storm water collection with non-potable water distribution will be examined with respect to capital costs, operational costs, source water and community protection performance (e.g., reduction in combined sewer overflows), improvements in water quality, sustainability of the urban water balance, and hydraulic and hydrologic robustness and resilience.

Area 2: Adaptation Planning of Storm Water Systems for Extreme Weather Events

Climate change impacts in Ontario have the potential to produce extreme storm events with higher rainfall intensities and larger rainfall volumes. The changes in extreme events are of particular importance to the design, operation and maintenance of municipal water management infrastructure. There is a need to understand how higher-intensity storm events will affect the performance of existing storm water infrastructure in Canadian cities. The ongoing research is directed to: (i) developing rainfall forecasting models that account for a possible climate change in the coming decades; (ii) developing distributed hydrologic/hydraulic SWMM models to evaluate the performance of urban drainage systems under status quo (no climate change) and climate change scenarios; (iii) using the information generated with SWMM models to help Canadian municipalities make changes to design standards of storm water infrastructure and to plan and implement flood protection infrastructure to protect urban areas from flooding.

Student Opportunity

Prospective Graduate Students

I am currently seeking talented graduate students to work in the areas of sustainable water systems and drinking water discolouration in distribution systems.

  • Sustainable Water Systems

I am currently seeking graduate students with a strong background in water distribution system modeling and sustainability of infrastructure planning and design.

  • Discolouration in Distribution Systems

I am currently seeking PhD or post-doctoral candidates who have a strong background in water quality and water chemistry. I am also seeking candidates with a strong background in microbiology and extensive research experience in DNA sequencing and fluorescent microscopy methods.